We all know the proverb “Bread is the head of everything”, and hardly anyone will argue with the fact that not only bread, but other flour products make up a large part of the diet of modern man. The researchers came to the conclusion that it began to grind cereal crops and prepare flour products based on them in ancient times. There is evidence that already 4000 years ago people grind grain with the help of large stones, and thus prepared flour. Even in our time, some African tribes still have a similar way of making flour. We, as representatives of a more developed civilization, use for this purpose other methods, which, however, do not at all reduce the nutritional value of the resulting flour.
The calorie content of flour can be attributed to both its advantages and disadvantages, depending on whether you are trying to lose weight, or you want to quickly satisfy your hunger. It is unlikely in those countries where there is not enough food for everyone, someone is afraid of the caloric content of flour and products made from it. Rather the opposite. It is flour products that have the ability to quickly satisfy hunger and provide a feeling of satiety for a long time.
However, it should be recognized that in the conditions of an inactive way of life that most of us lead, the calorie content of flour can become a real problem. Often, nutritionists recommend limiting the consumption of flour products to those who want to lose weight and improve their health.
The benefits and harm of flour
The calorie content of flour, however, as well as its useful properties, is primarily due to the type of grain from which it is made. Most often we eat products made from wheat and rye flour, but today products from other sorts of flour have also appeared on store shelves. It must be said that flour is a rich source of carbohydrates, which quickly saturate the body with energy. In addition, the flour contains vitamins of group B, PP, as well as other vitamins and important trace elements. The composition of the flour makes it a useful product, however, all this is true only for coarse flour, which is not subjected to multi-stage cleaning. Unfortunately, most often for the preparation of flour products is used refined flour of fine grinding, which does not contain almost no useful substances, except for fast-digesting carbohydrates.
Such flour and products from it are more likely a source of empty calories and if you eat it often enough, it will lead to weight gain. So that flour products carry with them benefits for the organism, one should choose wholemeal flour, in which all useful substances contained in it are maximally preserved.
Calorie wheat flour
Wheat flour, as already mentioned, is one of the most commonly used today for the preparation of various products. It is made from wheat grains and is a practically universal product that is widely used in cooking. Products made from premium grade flour are softer and airy, but at the same time, they lose many of the beneficial properties that remain in products made from coarse flour. The calorie content of wheat flour is 334 kcal per 100 g. Most of it contains carbohydrates (69g per 100 g of product), therefore products made from wheat flour have the ability to quickly eliminate the feeling of hunger. It is not surprising that nutritionists do not recommend using products made from this flour, given the caloric content of wheat flour. They advise to pay attention to other types of flour, less high-calorie, but no less useful.
Calorie rye flour
Rye flour has found wide application in Russian cuisine. Bread was traditionally baked from it and used to make other products. This flour differs from wheat, first of all, in its darker color. In addition, the gluten content in it is much lower, which affects the density and elasticity of the resulting product. However, the benefits of rye flour can not be overemphasized.
Rye, from which it is made, is a truly healing product. It contains a large amount of beneficial vitamins and trace elements, allowing to regulate the work of the human body. Products made from rye flour remove salts, toxins and slags from the body and, thus, prevent the occurrence of many diseases. At the same time, the caloric content of rye flour is lower than that of wheat flour. And this means that products from it are not so dangerous for the figure. The calorie content of rye flour is 298 kcal per 100 g. In many diets, it is allowed to eat several slices of rye bread per day, which allows you to get the nutrients and vitamins contained in it and at the same time do not harm your figure.
Cornmeal has a special place among food products. It is distinguished not only by its special sunny color, but also by its unique beneficial properties. First of all, only in this type of flour contains such an element as gold, which is of great benefit to the human body. It also contains calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, and vitamins of group B and PP. Traditionally, corn flour products were used by American Indians who prepared bread and flat cakes from it. Europeans learned corn during the conquest of the American continent and began to eat this product as well. Despite the relatively high caloric content of corn flour, products made from it can be attributed to dietary products, since they help to reduce cholesterol and are easily digested. Caloric value of corn flour is 331kkal per 100 g.
When choosing corn flour, however, as well as when choosing flour of other varieties, it is worth focusing on its grinding. The larger it is, the more useful the product. And even despite the high calorie flour, it will be useful in the diet of any person.
Thus, you should not completely abandon the use of flour products in the event that you follow the figure and are afraid to get better. In fact, flour is a rich source of vitamins and microelements that make up the cereals used to make it. If you become guided by the rule to choose products from coarse sorts of flour, as well as use them in moderation, then your body will receive invaluable benefits. Talk about the dangers of flour can be, if it is used to prepare high-calorie desserts, and from it as a result of cleaning almost all useful substances are removed. Such products really will not bring the body anything but extra calories that can quickly be deposited on the waist and hips. As can be seen, the calorie content of flour is not so terrible, if you choose and use this product correctly.